What is Breast Cancer? Know all about it: Causes, symptoms, signs, etc

New Delhi: 

Breast cancer, the most common cancer amongst women covers almost 25 percent of all cancer burden globally as well as in India. One of the main reasons for this high occurrence rate is often due to an unhealthy lifestyle which leads to obesity, stress, lack of a balanced diet,  consuming fatty-rich foods, and too much alcohol intake. The number of breast cases is rising over and above and is termed as ‘silent killer’, as it initiates affecting the human body silently. In this article, we gonna tell you everything related to breast cancer.

Common symptoms of breast cancer

* Presence of a lump in the breast or armpit

* Pain and swelling in any part of the breast

* Redness and flakiness around the nipple area

* Pain in the nipple area

* Nipple discharge of blood

* Change in the shape and size of the breast

* Irritation of the skin.

What causes breast cancer?

Breast cancer is often caused due to environmental and genetic factors. Exposure to radiation through occupational means, Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) limited, abnormal menstrual history, reduced lactation, etc are some environmental factors. When it comes to genes playing a role, there is a particular gene around breast cancer that can be hereditary; BRCA1 (BRCA2) genes. There is a 70% chance of contracting breast cancer if a person develops this mutation, almost 5% to 10% of breast cancer cases are hereditary.


Management of breast cancer depends on the severity/stage of the disease and the patient’s preference. In breast cancer, information about whether the cancer has spread from primary tumour location to other locations is very critical.

Prevention of Breast Cancer


Getting regular exercise and keeping a healthy weight can help lower your breast cancer risk. Keep a healthy weight. Exercise regularly. Don’t drink alcohol, or limit alcoholic drinks.

Avoid Alcohol 

Alcohol consumption has been associated with an increased risk of breast cancer. Women who consume alcohol more regularly, have an increased incidence of breast cancer. So, the recommendation is to limit alcohol consumption.

Early detection

Early detection and treatment is still the best strategy for a better cancer outcome. Breast cancer can be easily prevented if one gets regular screening tests from time to time while adhering to a healthy lifestyle. This can drastically decrease the chances of having breast cancer.

Have a medical check-up and mammogram regularly. 

Check yourself regularly

 Regular examining is an important way to find breast cancer in its early stage. If you think you feel a lump, don’t panic. Sometimes most breast lumps turn out to be benign (not cancer).


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