World Press Freedom Day 2022: History, Theme and Significance

New Delhi: 

Every year, on 3 May, people around the world celebrate World Press Freedom Day. It is the day to discuss and celebrate press freedom, defend the media against attacks and recognize the efforts of journalists around the world who bring us information.


World Press Freedom Day was proclaimed by the UN General Assembly in December 1993, following the recommendation of UNESCO’s General Conference. Since then, 3 May, is celebrated as World Press Freedom Day. World Press Freedom Day acts as a reminder to governments of the need to respect their commitment to press freedom. The day May 3 also marks the anniversary of Windhoek Declaration.


The day is celebrated to ensure the protection and safety of the press in the face of attacks against its independence, to discuss journalistic ethics and to celebrate journalists who gave their lives in the pursuit of truth.


The theme of World Press Freedom Day 2022 is “Journalism under Digital Siege”. The theme spotlights the multiple ways in which journalism is endangered by surveillance and digitally-mediated attacks on journalists, and the consequences of all this on public trust in digital communications.


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