Protecting human rights in the context of a pandemic

Every year, on December 10, we focus our minds on and, renew our commitment to, the respect and importance of the protection of human rights: human rights that are universal, part of the norms of the United Nations, and recognized within all the religious traditions of the world.

The theme for this year, given the COVID-19 pandemic, is Recover Better: Stand Up for Human Rights. This highlights the important point that respect for human rights must be central to the pandemic recovery effort, infusing the response, whether with regard to the strict community measures to halt its spread, providing economic assistance to those particularly affected by lockdowns and restrictions such as the daily wage earners and small businesses, the treatment of those who are ill, respecting the dignity of those who die and, protection for those at the frontlines of treating the sick. In the months ahead we have the task of ensuring that the vaccines are made available equitably to all those who need it throughout the world.

Human Rights Day 2020 is the moment to assess our nation’s progress in terms of respect for human rights at a more general level. As a nation, we must do this with honesty and in a spirit of self-criticism. The protection of human rights is inextricably linked with Constitutionalism, Democracy and the Rule of Law. There are legitimate concerns that, following the adoption of the 20th Amendment to the Constitution, there are inadequate safeguards to ensure the independence of the Judiciary and important independent public commissions such as the Human Rights Commission and the Elections Commission. We hope that these shortcomings will be addressed by the committee appointed to draft a new Constitution.

A recent example of the inter-relationship that exists between the COVID-19 pandemic, human rights, constitutionalism and the Rule of Law is the fundamental rights application filed by 11 petitioners representing the Christian and Muslim communities challenging the policy of enforcing the cremation of persons who died of COVID-19 despite WHO guidelines and international best practice indicating that there is no evidence to suggest that burial constitutes a public health risk.

One would have thought that the issues raised a prima facie case that warranted closer examination and judicial review.

It is surprising and disappointing that the Supreme Court thought otherwise.

Another example that highlights the existence of serious human rights concerns in the context of the pandemic is the recent use of lethal force on prisoners at the Bogambara and Mahara prisons.

The State has both a moral and legal obligation to protect the rights of prisoners, including their right to health and safety while they are incarcerated.

-Presiding Bishop and Bishop of Kurunegala Rt. Revd. Keerthisiri Fernando and Rt. Revd. Dushantha Rodrigo, Bishop of Colombo.

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