Annual tobacco, cigarette consumption surpasses milk powder import cost, GSP Plus export revenue


Expenditure incurred on Sri Lankans’ tobacco and cigarette consumption surpasses the annual cost for milk powder imports and relatively, the annual export revenue from EU GSP Plus, Industry and Commerce Minister Rishad Bathiudeen said.

The Minister said this while addressing an event themed “Farmer Perspectives on Proposed Tobacco Growing Ban and Opportunity to Diversify”, held in Colombo recently.

He said, 'Reports say that Sri Lankan consumers spend more than Rs 200 million per day for cigarettes. According to the World Health organization in 2015 the direct and indirect cost of tobacco use in Sri Lanka was estimated at Rs.89 billion or US$ 662 million'

'In that, we annually spend more than $ 660 million for tobacco use and resulting expenses. When we compare this $ 660 million with some other important values we can understand the huge cost for the economy from tobacco use', he said.

Elaborating on study’s made on tobacco and cigarette expenditure the Minister said, “For example, we spend US$ 400 million a year to import milk powder to be used by our households and hotels.  The $660 million we spend for tobacco use is 55% higher than our annual bill for the milk powder imports’.

Furthermore, the Minister said, ‘The other example is that Sri Lanka’s annual expenditure on tobacco use is even higher than the additional export income from EU GSP plus which is around $480 million. In that, our annual tobacco and cigarette expenditure is 37% higher than our annual GSP Plus income alone’.

‘Another example is that this annual tobacco cost is equal to total flood and landslide damages incurred by Sri Lanka in both 2015 and 2016’ he said. ‘These simple examples show the huge cost to our economy from tobacco use’.

The Minister said, by taking these studies into account, that the government is making attempts to switch the tobacco economy to a more productive livelihood stream with alternate, export driven crops.

‘As for tobacco production it is reported that more than 3300 metric tonnes of tobacco are produced in Sri Lanka. When it comes to cultivation only a very small percentage of lands are used at 0.07 percent of all agricultural lands only taken by tobacco’.

Tobacco expert panel indicated that Tobacco is considered as an Industrial Crop, more than a commercial crop and since the bulk of the harvest is used for nicotine products, it immediately ends up in industrial/machine processing, unlike many other commercial crops.

Among all types of full time farmers in Sri Lanka, tobacco farmers are one of the most profitable, earning regular margins of 20% or higher.

The ban on tobacco cultivation in Sri Lanka is scheduled to start from 2020. Importation of cigarettes and tobacco also will be banned from 2020, the Minister said.

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